Vol. 18, No. 1, March 1980 - "Energy"
SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF THE ENERGY CRISIS
(pp. 1 - 21)
Dr. John E> Benhart
Shippensburg State College
The generation of energy in the United States today is based primarily on the energy sources of oil and natural gas. As reviewed in the previous sections, oil and natural gas supplies will not be able to supply man's continuing energy needs in the future. Americans must begin to understand and explore alternative future types of energy sources to provide for society's needs. Unlike the forests, which can be replanted and renewed, oil and gas are nonrenewable resources. They cannot be replanted or restored. Although there sill always be some oil and gas in the earth throughout the world, that which can be economically recovered is rapidly being depleted.
VOLUNTARY SPATIAL REDISTRIBUTION OF OUTDOOR RECREATION CONSUMERS
(pp. 22 - 36)
Russell B. Capelle, Jr; Program Adviser
Office of University Research, U.S. Department of Transportation
"Open space is like virginity. Once lost, it can never be regained.' But this is not entirely true of either. Non-virgins are needed to produce more virgins." (Lowenthal 1970:103).
Lowenthal's analogy emphasizes the goals of most outdoor recreation planners: providing for efficient and equitable use of recreation resources by the predominantly urban population of the United States. But the degree of use must vary with the type of resource, along what some have called the "wilderness continuum" (Helburn 1977). One end encludes the fragile ecosystems of the Everglades and the arctic wilderness of Alaska's Brooks Range. At the other end of the continuum are city parks and zoos. Yet even near the wilderness end are activities whose destinations now experience overcrowding. The problem of spatial maldistribution of consumers confronts recreation planners and managers for almost all activities. What is the solution?